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Poster: A/V Geek Skip Date: Dec 27, 2006 9:29am
Forum: movies Subject: How To Convert to DVD - in 3 Easy Steps!

Here's the fulfillment of one of my New Year's Resolutions. I've been meaning to do this document for a while.

Excellent resource websites for DVD creation and video file format conversion:
http://www.doom9.net
http://www.videohelp.com
-------------------------------

Before we get started, you should know that some DVD players will actually play MPEG-2 files without having to go through all the hassles listed below. You just burn the MPEG-2 or MPEG-1 file to a CD-R or DVD-R and the DVD player will automatically know how to play it. I picked up such a DVD player at a local department store for less than $50. Here is link to a list of DVD players will play MPEG-2 files:
http://www.videohelp.com/dvdplayers.php?DVDname=&Search=Search&mpegiso=1&dvdmpegiso=1
-------------------------------

Also, you really shouldn't have to do lots of converting to get these files on a DVD. For example, converting the files to a Quicktime DV stream and then back to an MPEG-based VOB uses a lot of time and degrades the quality of the video. Ideally, the software you use should know how to handle an MPEG-2 file without having to recompress the file.
-------------------------------

There are a couple of ways to make a DVD from the MPEG-2 files that are available on the Internet Archive -depending on what software you have available. Here are the basic steps:

1) Download the MPEG-2 file. This will be the best quality video file since it has the least compression and has full resolution (like 720 x 480, 704 x 480 or 352 x 480). Consequently, this file will be big - usually over a couple of gigabytes (GB) in size - and will take several hours to download. I recommend a fast internet connection (DSL, Cable or faster) and software that will resume downloading if the process is interrupted.

2) Create the accompanying DVD files. To make a DVD from MPEG-2, you'll need a program that will make the appropriate files needed by a DVD player to properly play a disc. If you ever looked at a DVD in a computer, you'll see a VIDEO_TS folder. In that folder, you'll see a bunch of VOB, IFO and BUP files. In general, the VOB (Video OBject) files contain the video and audio streams and menu graphics. The IFO (InFOrmational) files contain navigational and information about the streams in VOB files. BUP (BackUP) files are backups of the IFO files. So, in order to make a DVD, you'll need a program that converts the MPEG-2 file into appropriate VOB, IFO and BUP files. Almost all DVD authoring programs will do this, but some have hurdles that have to be confronted. For instance, some programs require that you demux (separate the video and audio streams into two separate files) the MPEG-2 file before you import it into the program. There are many free utilities that will do that (do a Google search for "demux MPEG-2"). Another hurdle is that some DVD authoring programs are particular about the type of audio stream encoding they will handle. We tried to pick the most universally used encoding - MPEG-1 Layer 2. Some programs might want you to use AC3 or PCM. If your software requires this, there are utilities that will do the converting. Since there are many different DVD authoring programs out there, I won't describe them in this document. I hope others will post their step-by-step instructions for using the software...

3) Burn the files to recordable DVD media. Of course, this means that your computer will have to have a DVD burner, appropriate media (DVD-R, DVD+R, etc.), and software that will burn the files to the drive. The software doesn't need to be a DVD authoring package (like MyDVD, DVDit, DVD Studio Pro, iDVD, etc.), it just needs to copy the files from your hard drive to the DVD media (software like Nero, Toast, Easy Media Creator, RecordNow, etc. does this) - often such software will be bundled for free with the DVD burning drive. Also some of the DVD authoring programs will also allow you to burn the files to a DVD burner.

------------------------------------------------
Below I've listed a couple of programs that I've used and had success with. Since my studio is Windows-based, there will be a lack of Mac or Linux programs listed, but I'll try to dig up some info for those platforms. I hope others will chime in with their solutions too.

Simple DVD http://simpledvd.honzakov.net/
This is a real no-frills solution that I found that simply converts an MPEG-2 to DVD. You'll need to burn the files to a DVD with another program though.

VSO DivxToDVD (freeware) http://www.vso-software.fr/divxtodvd/divxtodvd.htm
This program easily creates the IFO and BUP files. It also creates the VOB files. You'll need to burn the files to a DVD with another program though. Also, this program doesn't work the 352 x 480 Prelinger Archive files for some reason.

IFOEdit (Freeware) http://www.ifoedit.com/
Before using this software, you need to rename the downloaded MPEG-2 file to 'VTS_01_1.VOB' and place it in a folder named 'VIDEO_TS'. Then IFOEdit will allow you to create IFO and BUP files. You'll need to burn the files to a DVD with another program though.

DVDLab (offers a free trial period, $99 for full version) http://www.dvdlab.net
This program is a little more advanced but offers the ability to combine multiple short MPEG-2 files onto one disc with sophisticated menu options - or no menu if you prefer. DVDLab will also burn the files to a DVD-R (or DVD+R) drive.

Other Windows programs to investigate
Roxio Easy Media Creator 7
There are a lot of DVD authoring products for this platform - too many for me to list.

Mac programs to investigate
Apple iDVD
Sizzle
Apple DVD Studio Pro
Roxio Toast 6
ffmpegx

Linux
dvdauthor
ffmpeg

Since I do a lot of the encoding for the Internet Archive, I'd be interested to hear from you folks about software that you use to make DVDs and if there's anything that we could do to make this process easier. I know this document isn't perfect, but I hope it's a good starting point for others to add to.

Skip
http://www.avgeeks.com

P.S. While I'm happy to write this document regarding DVD creation, I don't have the time to offer technical support for folks who are using the software listed above. Luckily the Internet is full of useful information - user forums for a specific piece of software or hardware that you are using, FAQs, etc.


This post was modified by AV Geek Skip on 2006-12-27 17:29:34

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Poster: migwell Date: Dec 27, 2006 8:46am
Forum: movies Subject: Re: How To Convert to DVD - in 3 Easy Steps!

First of all, I would like to thank all those involved with this wonderful site for all the hard work you have done to provide such a broad-ranging and entertaining service for all of us who use the site. Great work!

Now on to the DVD burning issue... I believe that I have carefully read all of the posts here and followed the tips and instructions provided and yet I have had not much success transferring any of my downloaded films to DVD. The actual process seems simple enough, convert the mpeg or mp2 files into VOB, BUP and ISO and burn these converted files to a DVD.

After downloading approximately 15 pieces of software from the various sites mentioned here and on the linked sites, and struggling through the unfamiliar jargon and instructions when any are provided, I have found only 2 which seem capable of doing this, SimpleDVD and WinAVIVideoConverter. I followed the instructions for IFOEdit without any success.

SimpleDVD conversions have given me DVD's (burned with Nero 5.5) that play on my computer (which I could do anyway from the original files) but which flip vertically on my TV screen when played through my DVD player. Oh for the days of the vertical control toggle!

WinAVIVideo converter is 'shareware' and imprints a message displayed prominently in the center of the screen asking for payment to be removed. It does work, but since I plan to burn only a couple of movies, I could easily purchase them for less than the $30 that this software costs.

Although I have Googled quite a lot for 'demuxer' and 'converter' and combed the recommended sites, I have been unable to find another piece of software to perform the conversion. I have managed to try a few programs that ran for hours and hours, using 100% of my CPU and which, in the end, produced nothing useful.

Seems to me that the tip about buying a new DVD player that will play the downloaded files natively is the least expense and hassle of the various options presented.

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Poster: A/V Geek Skip Date: Dec 27, 2006 9:18am
Forum: movies Subject: Re: How To Convert to DVD - in 3 Easy Steps!

Another program to try is SimpleDVD:

http://simpledvd.honzakov.net/

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Poster: Venantius Date: Jan 22, 2007 10:55pm
Forum: movies Subject: Re: How To Convert to DVD - in 3 Easy Steps!

The sourceforge project DVD Flick - http://sourceforge.net/projects/dvdflick/ - is a free and easy means to convert mpeg and other file types into the formats necessary to play on a standard dvd player. It will (I think) burn to disc but as I have an ok burner I just used it to compile the data into the appropriate format which it did very nicely.

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Poster: John Hell Date: Jan 14, 2005 3:35pm
Forum: movies Subject: Re: How To Convert to DVD - in 3 Easy Steps!

Great info, thanks a lot. On a mac, how would you recommend converting .avi to .mpeg video? Thanks in advance for any info.

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Poster: Chail Nokso Date: Jan 17, 2005 2:53am
Forum: movies Subject: Re: How To Convert to DVD (actually Mac question - converting .avi to .mpeg)


If your purpose in wanting an MPEG is to make a DVD, VCD or SVCD, and you already own Toast Titanium (v 6.x or later), you already have the solution.

Drag any file that you can play in QuickTime to the Video Tab in Toast, and Toast will do all the encoding and burning.

Be sure to set your quality levels within Toast to as high as possible, as long as your CD or DVD space allows it.

One of the problems with .avi files (and often .mpg or .mpeg files) is that people encode video with any of a number of wacky codecs, then stick any file extension on the end of the file name that allows them to play the file in htheir favourite player.

So, what you think is a .mpeg or .avi file may in fact be an .mp4 or DiVX file.

There exist all sorts of free codecs to allow QuickTime to play content beyond the codecs that Apple includes... Google 'Macintosh' with the terms '3ivx' or 'VideoLAN', and you'll find all kinds of links.

For $20, you can add Apple's MPEG-2 codec to QuickTime, but if all you want to do is _watch_ MPEG-2 files (the video standard of DVDs and SVCDs), then VideoLAN is better, and free to boot.

- - -

If you have some other reason for wanting to make MPEGs, Google "VCD Helper" and you'll find lots of useful utilities and advice.

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Poster: Gnomeo Date: Oct 24, 2010 10:03pm
Forum: movies Subject: Re: How To Convert to DVD (actually Mac question - converting .avi to .mpeg)

First, many thanks for this excellent feedback page.I have a laptop running Windows Vista with ?a DVD burner. When trying to copy an archive file to a DVD I am told windows media doesn't support an MP4 file How do I get around this problem? Many Thanks,Gnomeo.

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Poster: John Hell Date: Jan 18, 2005 12:11am
Forum: movies Subject: Re: How To Convert to DVD (actually Mac question - converting .avi to .mpeg)

Thanks so much. I'll give it a try.

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Poster: A/V Geek Skip Date: Jan 17, 2005 4:08am
Forum: movies Subject: Re: How To Convert to DVD (actually Mac question - converting .avi to .mpeg)

Thanks for your feedback, Chail!

Skip

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Poster: Administrator, Curator, or StaffDNarchive Date: Nov 15, 2006 4:58pm
Forum: movies Subject: Re: How To Convert to DVD - in 3 Easy Steps!

Here's a suggested MPEG2 to DVD for Mac using ffmpegx:
1. Download MPEG2 file from archive.org
2. Change file extension of the downloaded MPEG2 file from 'mpeg' to 'mpg'
3. Install ffmpegx
4. Open ffmpegx, under the 'Tools' tab, select 'author'.
5. Click 'mpg file' and select the downloaded MPEG2 file.
6. Click 'author'
7. Burn resulting folder to DVD
Thanks,
Dave

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Poster: billiebob Date: Feb 22, 2007 2:22am
Forum: movies Subject: Re: How To Convert to DVD - in 3 Easy Steps!


Just another data point for you for ffmpgX on a mac with archive.org files:

I was not able to convert MPEG-2 files to a VIDEO_TS folder on a Mac Core2Duo as suggested in this post. I downloaded all the required coding files, but the operation produced only empty files and folders.

I will buy Toast and see if that works.

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Poster: Darrell Wright Date: Jan 10, 2005 12:56am
Forum: movies Subject: Re: How To Convert to DVD - in 3 Easy Steps!

There a several different types of programs I use to create DVD's. I am still testing several different ones to find the best quality product.
My DVD Burner came equipped with MYDVD and Showbiz products that actually allow the user to take a VOB file and change it into an Mpeg1 or Mpeg2 file. Other programs I use are Ulead's Videostudio6, which i believe has now been upgraded to Ulead Videostudio 8 and Ulead DVD Moviefactory. Ulead offers a 30 day free trial of both products at their web site. Also I have great results, but much slower ones, using EZDVD maker. THis program use to be free; however, I do not know if it is even available anymore. If i am transferring from videotape I use a Dazzle Digital video creator. WHen I purchased this product it was supposedly the best around; however, since it is two years old, I imagine someone has created a better product. Finally if I am just copying a disc I use DVD Shrink, which is freeware. I have discovered that this product works better than the 321 studio version that was taken off the market.

This post was modified by Darrell Wright on 2005-01-10 08:56:14

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Poster: A/V Geek Skip Date: Jan 10, 2005 1:19am
Forum: movies Subject: Re: How To Convert to DVD - in 3 Easy Steps!

Hey Darrell,

Have you used any of the programs that you've mentioned to burn DVDs of material you've downloaded from the Internet Archive?

If so, please share your experiences with us.

Skip

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Poster: Darrell Wright Date: Jan 11, 2005 1:07am
Forum: movies Subject: Re: How To Convert to DVD - in 3 Easy Steps!

Other than the Armageddon video I created, I have not burned any other material from this web site.
However, the programs I use automatically creates the VOB files and other data needed to create a DVD. THe Ulead Programs can create VOB files and finish burning the data to disc in about 30 minutes, which is not bad considering that my DVD burner is a Sony 4X speed. THe program that came with the DVD recorder also creates the VOB files and Animated menus; however, it has taken up to an hour for this program to finish burning a disc.

Most of the stuff I geet from the internet, I usually burn to a VCD. They are cheaper to create and take less time to burn.

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Poster: superbu Date: Dec 16, 2007 1:06am
Forum: movies Subject: Re: How To Convert to DVD - in 3 Easy Steps!

I downloaded Simple DVD. I open a file in it, it runs for about three minutes, creating a temp file, then says the DVD has been created in "X" folder (whatever the folder may be).

But when I look in that folder there are simply two empty folders inside -- one called "Video_TS" and one called "Audio_TS," both of them empty, 0mb each. Tried it three times, same thing every time.

Maybe it doesn't work with Vista?

I tried loading the MPEG file I downloaded into Windows Movie Maker, and it crashes it for some reason.

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Poster: Coolaid Date: Apr 5, 2007 9:16pm
Forum: movies Subject: Re: How To Convert to DVD - in 3 Easy Steps!

I used to use DVD X Copy, but as per http://www.dvdxcopy.com, it is no longer being supported. There are some alternatives listed at: http://www.dvdxcopyreviews.com , which one of these programs do you think is the best?

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Poster: Administrator, Curator, or StaffMolly_B Date: Jan 9, 2005 2:46am
Forum: movies Subject: Re: How To Convert to DVD - in 3 Easy Steps!

Thank you so much Skip-you rock!!!!!! I think this is really going to help folks A LOT!

Thanks again!!
-astrid

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Poster: cellophane Date: Mar 11, 2010 2:54pm
Forum: movies Subject: Re: How To Convert to DVD - in 3 Easy Steps!

for mpeg-4 files, which I see for some movies or old tv shows
at the archive,
at least some have browsed -- is there a way to just copy to a dvd and it might play in the same kind of players mentioned in the article related to mp-2 ?

Or does one need to use some of the software mentioned
to do that processing ?

Thanks.

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Poster: ookalaylay Date: Jan 12, 2005 10:09am
Forum: movies Subject: Re: How To Convert to DVD - in 3 Easy Steps!

I'm a frequent user of the audio files but I wander over here on occassion. Anyhow, your post caught my eye and I thought I'd share with the community since that's what we're all about. I just started burning dvd's this past weekend and I use freeware to compress onto the computer and create BUP's, this freeware can be lacated here: http://www.dvdshrink.org/. This seems to be a very easy program to use. I just thought someone may like to try this. Good Luck

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Poster: A/V Geek Skip Date: Jan 12, 2005 11:09am
Forum: movies Subject: Re: How To Convert to DVD - in 3 Easy Steps!

DVDShrink is a great program.

Do you use it to make DVDs of material from the Internet Archive?

Skip

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Poster: ookalaylay Date: Jan 12, 2005 11:18am
Forum: movies Subject: Re: How To Convert to DVD - in 3 Easy Steps!

I'm downloading my first movie off the archive now, "Reefer Madness"...........always wanted to see that. Since it's such a classic and I'm somewhat of a collector of those ideals and such, I will attempt AND succeed in burning it(I hope)!
I'll let you know tomorrow, Pat

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Poster: Visual16 Date: Jan 12, 2005 2:01pm
Forum: movies Subject: Re: How To Convert to DVD - in 3 Easy Steps!

Thanks a lot!! Unreal!

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Poster: Luchezar Date: Mar 15, 2011 1:10am
Forum: movies Subject: Re: How To Convert to DVD - in 3 Easy Steps!

Thank you for the information, especially regarding the MPG to DVD conversion using Linux in the FAQ ( http://www.archive.org/about/faqs.php#260 ). For silent MPG videos, this conversion can be accomplished in just one line using unnamed pipes and without any intermediate files, like this:

mplayer $1 -dumpstream -dumpfile /dev/stdout | tcextract -t vob -a 0 -x mpeg2 | mplex -f 8 -V -o /dev/stdout /dev/stdin | dvdauthor -x dvdauthor.xml

Here, "dvdauthor.xml" is the DVD structure description file (see step 4 in the FAQ item above), and $1 is the name of the input file. The above line can be saved as a single-line shell script and executed each time a conversion is needed. The script has one mandatory argument, the input file name. For example, if the script is named "mpg2dvd" and the input file is "video.mpg", the conversion can be done by the simple command "mpg2dvd video.mpg".

"dvdauthor" may complain that there is no default DVD format (NTSC or PAL), resulting in a non-playable DVD file structure. The solution is to create a single-line text file named "video_format" in the ~/.config subdirectory, containing just one line: "NTSC" or "PAL", depending on the region where one lives. Then "dvdauthor" reads this file and stops complaining, and the DVD file structure it creates is playable.

I tested the above on a Mac and was able to convert a MPG file into a DVD file structure, which the "DVD Player" application played back.

There is a new multi-platform (Windows/Mac/Linux) application called "DVDStyler" ( http://www.dvdstyler.org/ ) which can help create full-blown, professionally looking DVDs, but I haven't tried it yet.

You may wish to add the above information (or part of it) in the FAQ.

This post was modified by Luchezar on 2011-03-15 08:10:58